Prince Edward Island's rich history will be on full display Monday when Prince William and Kate tour the province that lies at the root of Canada's existence.
Here's a quick look at the sites the royal couple will visit:
Province House: Canada's future was decided in this historical building located in the provincial capital of Charlottetown. Representatives from Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Canada — later known as Ontario and Quebec — gathered here in 1864 to discuss the possibility of a union. The meeting, dubbed the Charlottetown Conference, formed the basis of the 1867 British North America Act that established Canada as an independent country. Despite its leading role in the proceedings, Prince Edward Island did not join Confederation until 1873. Province House itself has served as the seat of the Prince Edward Island government since 1847, making it the second oldest active legislative building in the country.
Great George St.: When the royal newlyweds take part in a procession through this national historical district, they'll be travelling along what historian Pierre Burton described as "the most important street in Canada." Charlottetown's Great George St. was the route along which the fathers of Confederation walked each day en route to the Charlottetown Conference. The street, designed to mark the exact centre of Charlottetown, features heritage buildings which have been restored to their original historical context.
Dalvay by the Sea: This summer resort, which will be the site of many of the royal activities, was originally constructed as a private home by Alexander MacDonald, the one-time president of Standard Oil Co. MacDonald commissioned the mansion to be built of local stone and other materials after falling in love with the scenery on the island's north shore. He named the property for his boyhood home in Scotland. The property passed to MacDonald's granddaughters upon his death, but was eventually sold for back taxes after the family wealth was mismanaged. Dalvay passed through a series of owners, including prohibition-era rum-runner Edward Dicks. He decided to convert the property to a hotel to serve as a legitimate cover for his various illegal enterprises, but ran out of money to promote the new venture after spending a fortune to upgrade it. Dalvay was eventually sold to the Federal government as plans for an island national park were taking shape. Dalvay now anchors the east end of the park, while the famed sites associated with literary classic Anne of Green Gables attract tourists to the west end.
Waterbird Emergency Landing: This homegrown helicopter landing technique is designed to allow dual-engine CH124 Sea King aircraft to touch down safely on the water. The procedure is used as an emergency measure for occasions when the helicopter cannot reach land in time. Sea King pilots undergo an hour of waterbird training each year. Prince William, a search and rescue pilot in his own right, will participate in a waterbirding exercise at Dalvay by the Sea.
Summerside: Prince Edward Island's second-largest city began life as a haven for British loyalists looking to settle after the American Revolution. Troops who stayed loyal to the King of England were given plots of land in the area, which was formally incorporated in 1877. Summerside has a long history of economic renewal. It prospered as a port town and ship-building centre throughout the 19th century, but saw its fortunes ebb as timber resources were depleted. The community rebounded by cultivating a brisk trade in silver fox furs, but again saw demand wane by the end of the Second World War. Summerside was the site of a Canadian Forces Base until 1991.