BEIJING - Imitation websites of both Google and YouTube have emerged in China as the country faces off against the real Google over its local operations.
YouTubecn.com offers videos from the real YouTube, which is owned by Google and blocked in China. The Google imitation is called Goojje and includes a plea for the U.S.-based company not to leave China, after it threatened this month to do so in a dispute over web censorship and cyber attacks.
The separate projects went up within a day of each other in mid-January, just after Google's threat to leave.
"What's the reaction in these cases? In the U.S., you have a lawsuit. In China, it's just 'eh,' unless they're really doing damage to the brand," said T.R. Harrington, CEO of China-based Darwin Marketing.
Both knockoff sites were still working Thursday. It wasn't clear what Chinese authorities would do with them, if anything.
China's National Copyright Administration has been cracking down on illegally run websites and this month issued a code of ethics, but no statement was posted on its site Thursday about the new imitations.
Google had little comment. "The only comment I can give you right now is just to confirm that we're not affiliated," spokeswoman Jessica Powell said in an email.
China is famous for its fake products, but this is the first time such prominent sites have been copied in this way, said Xiao Qiang, director of the Berkeley China Internet Project at the University of California-Berkeley.
Xiao said the sites risk bumping into problems on both sides of the Google-China standoff: It infringes on Google's intellectual property and gives access to sensitive topics in tightly controlled China. "I cannot see how these sites can survive very long without facing these two issues."
The creators of the two sites could not be reached Thursday.
"I did this as a public service," the founder of the YouTube knockoff, Li Senhe, told The Christian Science Monitor in an instant message conversation. Videos on social unrest in China can be found on the site, which is in English.
The real YouTube was blocked in China in 2008 after videos related to Tibetan unrest were posted there.
Some Chinese quickly welcomed the knockoff YouTube site. "I don't know if it will last long," wrote blogger Jia Zhengjing, who has written posts against censorship.
The other site, Goojje, is a working search engine that looks like a combination of Google and its top China competitor, Baidu.
"Exactly speaking, Goojje is not a search engine but a platform for finding friends," one of the founders, Xiao Xuan, told the Henan Business Daily on Wednesday.
Xiao said the site didn't have the level of sensitive material as the copycat YouTube site did and that it probably was based on the Google China site instead of the version used in the United States.
"It's quite clean by Chinese censorship standards," he said.
He guessed that based on the amount of time and work needed to build such a site on top of Google's data, Goojje had already been ready before the Google-China showdown started - and that the founder or founders chose the name "Goojje" to get attention.
The names are a play on words. The second syllable of "Google" sounds like "older brother," and the second syllable of "Goojje" sounds like "older sister" in Mandarin.
Copycat companies are nothing new in China. Baidu, China's most popular search engine, is also based on Google, Xiao said.
If the trend continues, the next site for a knockoff probably would be of Facebook - which is also blocked in China, Xiao said.
In London, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said she has told China the United States is concerned about Chinese action that could infringe on Internet freedoms.
Clinton told reporters she brought up the issue when she met with her Chinese counterpart in Thursday.